Bariatrics deals with obesity - the cause of obesity, prevention of obesity, and treatment of obesity.
Bariatric Surgery or Weight Loss Surgery is a surgery performed on the stomach and/or intestines to assist people suffering with obesity or overweight in losing weight. Bariatric Surgery has two objectives, to achieve a healthy weight and to maintain that healthy weight.
Obesity and overweight have in the last decade become a global problem and is a rising medical problem. Obesity raises concern because of its implications for the health. Obesity increases the risk of many diseases and health conditions. These include:
Obesity and Overweight definitely has detrimental health effects. People with BMI (Body Mass Index) exceeding the normal range has much greater risk of medical issues.
The first-line treatments of obesity and overweight include diet, excercise, behaviour therapy, and anti-obesity drugs. But for severe obesity this has limited success and success for long term is very poor. Weight loss surgery or bariatric surgery results in greater weight loss than these conventional treatments. Weight loss surgery can improve the quality of life and bring improvement in obesity related diseases (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, etc).