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Why is Obesity a Health Risk?

Complications of Obesity

Obesity is a serious medical condition.  People who suffer with obesity and overweight, compared to people with normal or healthy weight, are more likely to develop a number of potentially serious health conditions.  These include:

Hypertension, also called high blood pressure. 

High Cholesterol (Dyslipidemia).

Heart disease:   High blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol levels and high sugar are risk factors for heart disease.  Obesity gives stress to the heart to send blood to all the cells of the body.

Stroke:   Stroke is a condition where the blood flow to a part of the brain stops, which causes the brain cells to die.  High Blood pressure and abnormal cholesterol levels increases the risk for stroke. 

Type 2 diabetes.   It is believed that obesity accounts for 80-85% of the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.  Obese people are 40 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than people with normal weight.

Gynecological and sexual problems. Obesity may lead to infertility and irregular periods in women and may cause erectile dysfunction in men.

Sleep apnea and breathing problems are more likely to develop in obese people.  Sleep apnea is a condition in which a person has one or more pauses in breathing during sleep.

Osteoarthritis.  Obesity increases the stress placed on weight-bearing joints.  This may cause damage to the cartilages.

Cancers.  Obesity might increase the risk of cancer of the cervix, uterus, endometrium, ovary, breast, rectum, colon, esophagus, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, kidney and prostate.

Digestive problems.  Obesity increases the likelihood that you’ll develop heartburn, gallbladder disease.

Fatty Liver disease.  This occurs when fat builds up in the liver.   This disease often affects people who are overweight or obese and/or diabetic patients and also in middle aged people.

Polycystic ovarian disease or PCOD.

Pregnancy:  Obese women who are pregnant is at increased risk for developing gestational diabetes, high blood pressure during pregnancy that causes problems for both mother and child.

Depression and anxiety.

Low quality of life.

Bariatric Surgery deals with obesity. Diet, exercise, anti-obesity drugs, behavioural therapy are first line treatments of obesity, but as the success is limited in people with severe obesity, Bariatric Surgery is considered in people struggling with severe obesity. Bariatric Surgery is also called Weight Loss Surgery.

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

Gastric Bypass (Roux-en-Y)

Intragastric Balloon Placement

Tummy Tuck or Abdominoplasty for Hanging Abdomen

Body Mass Index (BMI) is an approximate measure of whether someone is overweight or underweight. BMI of a person is calculated by dividing the weight of the person in kilograms by the square of their height in metres.

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Contact Details

Dr. R. Padmakumar
Senior Consultant Laparoscopic and Metabolic Surgeon &
Director - Verwandeln Institute (Transforming Lives)
(Specialist in Laparoscopy, Hernia, Cancer, Obesity Surgery or Bariatric Surgery, Diabetes Surgery, Endoscopic Thyroid Surgery, Thoracoscopy, Intragastric Balloon)
Keyhole Clinic, Metro Pillar no. 448, Edappally, Kochi, Kerala, India
VPS Lakeshore Hospital, Maradu, Kochi, Kerala, India
Past Chairman - Association of Surgeons of India, Kerala Chapter, 2019-2020


Keyhole Clinic - Center for Obesity and Laparoscopy

Metro Pillar no. 448, Edappally, Kochi, Kerala, India

VPS Lakeshore Hospital

Maradu, Kochi, Kerala

Mobile: +919447230370, +919846320370
Email: [email protected]


Past Chairman, Association of Surgeons of India - Kerala Chapter
National President - Indian Hernia Society (2016)
GC Member, Association of Surgeons of India (2013 - 2018)
Vice President- Society of Endoscopic and Laparoscopic Surgeons of India
Jt. Secretary - Indian Association of Endocrine Surgeons (2016)
Founder Member, Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society Of India
Founder Member, Association of Minimal Access Surgeons of India
International Faculty of IASGO on Hernia and Diabetic Surgery
International Faculty of IFSO on Diabetic Surgery
Associate Editor : Diabetes and Obesity International Journal