Dr. R. Padmakumar is a Senior Consultant Laparoscopic and General Surgeon in Kochi and has expertise performing a wide variety of general surgeries. General surgery focuses on alimentary canal, also called the GI tract (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, rectum and anus) and contents of the abdomen that includes the liver, pancreas, gallbladder, appendix and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland. The GI tract (Gastrointestinal tract) includes all the major organs of the digestive system. Some of the surgeries that come under the broad category of General Surgery includes hernia surgery, thyroid surgery, colorectal surgeries (proctology), varicose veins treatment, etc. A more detailed list is given below. Some of the surgeries can be performed laparoscopically, such as hernia surgery, and Dr. R. Padmakumar is one of the best hernia surgeon in India.