Endoscopic Thyroidectomy – Scarless Thyroid Surgery
Endoscopic thyroidectomy is also called Minimally Invasive Video-Assisted Thyroidectomy. It is a new surgical technique which allows the surgeon to perform thyroid surgery through a small skin incision. In endoscopic thyroidectomy, very small incisions are made in the axilla. A video camera helps in providing magnified vision of the structures and comfortable dissection. This technique via the axilla helps even removing large thyroid nodules and even helps perform total thyroidectomy.
What is Endoscopic Thyroidectomy?
The benefit of this procedure is that this is a minimally invasive approach (ie., the surgery is performed through a keyhole incision). Other benefits include safety and precision. That is the video camera inserted through the keyhole incision provides a magnified view of the internal structures. Thus the surgeon can perform the surgery by viewing a magnified view of the internal structures on a computer monitor. This increases safety and the surgeon performs the surgery with precision. The greatest benefit is that the neck remains free of scar as the thyroidectomy is performed endoscopically via incisions made at the axilla. The smallest of scars produced are hidden beneath the inner clothes at the axilla. This is a great cosmetic advantage.
Endoscopic Thyroidectomy can be performed for all types of Thyroid Surgery. The main types of thyroid surgery are:
Total thyroidectomy (removing all of the thyroid gland)
Lobectomy or hemithyroidectomy (removing half of the thyroid gland)
Near-total thyroidectomy (removing most of the thyroid gland but leaving a little tissue on one side)
Isthmusectomy (removal of the central part of the thyroid gland) is performed
Thyroid abnormalities are common among women. As per American Thyroid Association , approximately 90% of all thyroid nodules are benign. Ultrasound of the neck or if needed FNAC (fine-needle aspiration cytology) is used in patients diagnosed with single or multiple thyroid nodules. If malignancy is suspected as per the ultrasound report or the FNAC, then surgery is the advised solution regardless of the size of the swelling. Thyroidectomy is recommended for nodules larger than 4 cm even if the USG and FNAC suggest benign swelling. Depending on the patient history, physical examination as well as the USG and FNAC findings, the surgeon may decide to offer a hemithyroidectomy or total thyroidectomy in consultation with the patient.
Endoscopic Thyroidectomy – How it is performed?
- Using a keyhole ( laparoscopic surgery techniques), a scope is inserted with instruments at the axilla to remove all or part of your thyroid gland.
- The operation is carried out with special instruments using a camera to guide the surgeon. The camera allows the surgeron to visualize the internal structures with magnification, precision and clarity on a monitor.
- After the thyroid gland is detached from the trachea, the specimen is placed in a specimen bag.
- You will have a small drain in the wound which will be removed after a few days.
- At the end, thyroid gland, part or whole, is removed through one of the incisions.
- The incisions are then closed.
Image Showing Endoscopic Thyroidectomy
Incision made near the axilla
In Endoscopic Thyroidectomy a video camera is inserted via the axilla and visualized on the screen
Endoscopic Thyroidectomy – Image Showing Video Camera with Light to visualize internal structures
Endoscopic Thyroidectomy – Internal Structures visualized through video camera
Open Thyroidectomy is the conventional way of performing thyroidectomy. When thyroidectomy is done through the open method, a transverse incision measuring 12–15 cm in length is made on the neck. A large cut is made across the neck or a full cut is required even to remove a small part of the thyroid, even for one side removal leaving behind an ugly scar in the neck with pain, discomfort and delayed recovery. Women find these scars uncomfortable and cosmetically unacceptable. Thyroid disorders and found common in women. Minimal access approaches to thyroid surgery result in a reduction in size or elimination of the scar of the neck.
Scar on performing open thyroidectomy at the neck
Cuts on the neck while performing open thyroidectomy
Open Thyroidectomy – For removal of a large Thyroid
Large Thyroid Removed by Open Thyroidectomy
Endoscopic Thyroidectomy Vs. Open Thyroidectomy
|No cuts on Neck
|Transverse incision measuring 12–15 cm in length is made at the neck
|Recovery time 2 days
|Recovery time may take around 10 days
|Leaves no scar at the neck
|Leaves a large scar at the neck
|Uses Video camera and monitor for magnified vision for carrying out the surgery
|Uses Direct vision for carrying out the surgery
|Better Surgery because of High Precision
|Less pain because of minimal cuts
Endoscopic Thyroidectomy – The Advantages
- Scarless Thyroid Surgery – No Scar on Neck
- Minimally invasive – No need for a large cut on the neck
- Short Hospital Stay – Recovery Time 2 days
Endoscopic Thyroidectomy at Kochi is performed regularly at VPS Lakeshore Hospital by minimally invasive surgery team headed by Dr. R. Padmakumar who is one of the Best Thyroid Surgeon in India.
What Patients Have to Say
About Dr. R. Padmakumar
Dr. R. Padmakumar is one of the Best Hernia Surgeon in India. He has been changing lives through Keyhole Surgery. He has got more than 30 years of hands-on experience in laparoscopic Surgery in major hospitals across India and has completed more than 7000 cases of Laparoscopic Hernia Surgeries. Dr. Padmakumar has trained more than 300 surgeons from all over the world the art of laparoscopic surgery especially Laparoscopic Hernia Surgery. Dr. Padmakumar is also hailed as one of the Best Bariatric Surgeon in India & UAE. He is renowned for new and improved treatment techniques and the first in the World to perform Scarless Bariatric Surgery with Tummy Tuck / Abdominoplasty. He is also one of the very few thyroid surgeons in India doing Endoscopic Thyroidectomy (scarless thyroid surgery).