Dr. R. Padmakumar
Laparoscopic & Obesity Surgeon

Anal Fissure Treatment

Anal Fissures Treatment in Kochi

Anal Fissure: An Anal fissure is a small tear that occurs in mucous lining tissues of the anus. This crack in the skin or anal tears can cause severe pain and bleeding after bowel movements.  The condition may occur when passing hard or large stools during a bowel movement.    It is very common and can affect people of any age and is usually not a serious condition.  

Though these fissures or anal tears heal on its own within 4 to 6 weeks or gets better with simple treatments such as increased fiber intake or using stool softeners and topical pain relievers, in some cases these fissures can be chronic and may need surgery. 

Anal Fissure - is a small tear that occurs in the mucous lining tissues of the anus
  • Pain during and after bowel movements, sometimes can be severe.
  • Traces of red blood on the stool        
  • burning or Itching or irritation around the anus
  • A visible tear in the skin surrounding the anus
  • A small lump of skin or skin tag on the skin near to the tear.

Common causes of the anal fissure include:

  • Passing large or hard stools
  • Constipation
  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Low blood flow to the anal area
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Childbirth

Other reasons can include HIV, tuberculosis, syphilis, herpes, anal cancer

The doctor examines the area around the anus and performs a digital rectal exam to diagnose an anal tears. The procedure involves using a short, lighted tube (anoscope) to investigate the anal canal. The location of anal fissure provides information about the cause of the condition. Other tests to diagnose anal fissure include:

  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
Anal Fissure Treatment Options include Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy (LIS), Anal Dilatation, LASER Ablation, Medications

Anal Fissure treatment options include Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy (LIS), Anal Dilatation, LASER Ablation or LASER Surgery, Medications.

Several lifestyle changes and home remedies provide relief from pain and discomfort caused by anal fissures. These include:

  • Adding fiber to the diet: Fiber-rich food help keep stools soft and improve fissure healing and these include fruits, vegetables, nuts and whole grains. 
  • Drink adequate fluids to prevent constipation.
  • Regular exercise and physical activity: Engage in moderate physical activity, such as walking for at least 30 minutes for few days of the week. The activity promotes regular bowel movements and increases blood flow to all parts of your body.
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements: Straining puts pressure on the mucous lining of the anal area and leads to the reoccurrence of fissures.
  • Soaking in warm water for 10 to 20 minutes several times a day help relax the sphincter muscles and promote fissure healing.
  • Nitroglycerin: Applying medication containing nitroglycerin externally helps increase the blood flow to the fissure and promote healing.
  • Topical anesthetic creams (rectal fissure creams or anal tear creams) provide pain relief.
  • Botox injection paralyzes the anal sphincter muscle and relaxes spasms.
  • Blood pressure medications help relax the anal sphincter.

Surgical procedure for anal fissure is known as lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS). The procedure involves cutting a small portion of the anal sphincter muscle to reduce spasm and pain. This action promotes fissure healing and is an effective medical treatment.

Dr. R. Padmakumar and team at VPS Lakeshore Hospital are best doctors for Piles and Fissure Treatment in Kochi.

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Dr. R. Padmakumar is one of the Best Hernia Surgeon in India. He has been changing lives through Keyhole Surgery. He has got more than 30 years of hands-on experience in laparoscopic Surgery in major hospitals across India and has completed more than 7000 cases of Laparoscopic Hernia Surgeries. Dr. Padmakumar has trained more than 300 surgeons from all over the world the art of laparoscopic surgery especially Laparoscopic Hernia Surgery. Dr. Padmakumar is also hailed as one of the Best Bariatric Surgeon in India & UAE. He is renowned for new and improved treatment techniques and the first in the World to perform Scarless Bariatric Surgery with Tummy Tuck / Abdominoplasty. He is also one of the very few thyroid surgeons in India doing Endoscopic Thyroidectomy (scarless thyroid surgery).

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Contact Details

Dr. R. Padmakumar
MBBS, DNB, MNAMS, DipALS, FAIS, FIMSA, FCLS, FRCS (GL)
Senior Consultant Laparoscopic and Metabolic Surgeon &
Director - Verwandeln Institute (Transforming Lives)
CMD - Keyhole Clinic, Metro Pillar no. 448, Edappally, Kochi, Kerala, India
HOD - VPS Lakeshore Hospital, Maradu, Kochi, Kerala, India
(Specialist in Laparoscopy, Hernia, Cancer, Obesity Surgery or Bariatric Surgery, Diabetes Surgery, Endoscopic Thyroid Surgery, Thoracoscopy, Intragastric Balloon)

Website Dr. R. Padmakumar - www.drrpadmakumar.com


Mobile: +919447230370, +919846320370
Email: drrpadmakumar@gmail.com

Past Chairman, Association of Surgeons of India - Kerala Chapter, 2019 - 2020
National President - Indian Hernia Society (2016)
GC Member, Association of Surgeons of India (2013 - 2018)
Vice President- Society of Endoscopic and Laparoscopic Surgeons of India
Jt. Secretary - Indian Association of Endocrine Surgeons (2016)
Founder Member, Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society Of India
Founder Member, Association of Minimal Access Surgeons of India
International Faculty of IASGO on Hernia and Diabetic Surgery
International Faculty of IFSO on Diabetic Surgery
Associate Editor : Diabetes and Obesity International Journal

Keyhole Clinic - Center for Obesity and Laparoscopy
Keyhole Clinic - Center for Obesity and Laparoscopy

Metro Pillar No. 448, Edappally, Kochi
Tel: 9847296357 / +919645222401

www.keyholeclinic.in