Appendectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove an inflamed appendix from the body. Laparoscopic Appendectomy is a minimal invasive surgical procedure performed through few small incisions made in the abdomen with the help of a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a thin elongated tube like structure that has a camera attached to its end. The camera captures enlarged images of the internal organs and cavity and enables the surgeon to view the abnormalities through a connected monitor. Appendix is a small organ located on the lower side of abdominal cavity and protects the body from bacterial infections.
Appendicitis is a condition that causes inflammation of the organ along with formation of pus. Appendicitis is caused when thick mucus or stool from the intestine enters the organ. This leads to partial or complete blockage in the organ and creates an ideal environment for bacteria to multiply faster and causes infection in the organ. Bacterial infection results in swelling of the appendix and shows several symptoms that include:
- Abdominal pain and cramps
- loss of appetite
- nausea and vomiting
- high fever
The doctor investigates the patient’s history records and conducts various tests and scans to understand the condition. Various tests and scans performed to diagnose appendicitis include blood tests for count white blood cell count, urinalysis, abdominal X-ray, ultrasound and CT scan.
Appendectomy – Treatment for appendicitis
Laparoscopic appendectomy is the most common surgical treatment method performed for appendicitis. Laparoscopic appendectomy surgery is recommended for patients whose infection is less spread in the body. The surgeon initiates the procedure by administering a dose of anesthesia to relax the body. A small incision is made in the lower abdomen and a thin narrow tube (cannula) is inserted into the abdomen cavity. A laparoscope (a telescope linked to a video camera) is then inserted through the tube to view and understand the severity of the infected organ. After investigation more incisions are made in the abdomen to insert more surgical tools and the infected appendix is cut and removed from the colon. The pus from the infected appendix is removed through the cannula and the hole is sewed through the tube. The incisions are then closed using surgical tapes.
Patients undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy can leave the hospital on the day itself and can perform small activities to prevent any chances of blood clots or soreness. As the procedure is minimal invasive, there are several benefits including the patient experience less pain and discomfort and have a faster recovery from the procedure.