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Total endoscopic excision of branchial cyst in a child aged 3 years

Highlights

  • Branchial cyst excision endoscopy.
  • Axillary approach-no neck incision.
  • First ever in a child.

Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports

Abstract

This is the case report of a three-year-old female Arab child who presented with a neck swelling since one year of age. Physical examination was suggestive of a 6 × 4 cm swelling in the right lateral neck, which was dumbbell shaped, deep to sternocleidomastoid muscle on either side of the muscle. Ultrasound scan revealed a large cyst with internal echoes in the right carotid space anteriorly. The cyst was dissected endoscopically by an axillary approach and complete excision was achieved, thus avoiding the need for a large incision in the neck. No complications noted after treatment. The lowest age at which branchial cyst excision was carried out endoscopically was 18 years as per the available literature. Hence this case seems to be the first ever endoscopic branchial cyst excision in the pediatric age group.

1. Introduction

A branchial cyst is a congenital epithelial cyst on the lateral aspect of the neck, due to failure of obliteration of branchial cleft during embryonic development. It is the most common congenital cause of a neck mass. Though congenital, it may present at a later date due to secondary infection. The definitive treatment is surgical excision of the entire cyst wall.

Presently, the principles of remote access and endoscopy are combined together and are used regularly for removal of thyroid masses[1]. In literature there is a case report of endoscopic branchial cyst excision in a patient aged 18 years [2]. We hereby report a case of endoscopic branchial cyst excision in a 3-year-old child via axillary approach without a neck incision. This case seems to be the first ever endoscopic branchial cyst excision in the pediatric age group.

Read More on the Article in

Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports

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Contact Details

Dr. R. Padmakumar
MBBS, DNB, MNAMS, DipALS, FAIS, FIMSA, FCLS, FRCS (GL)
Senior Consultant Laparoscopic and Metabolic Surgeon &
Director - Verwandeln Institute (Transforming Lives)
(Specialist in Laparoscopy, Hernia, Cancer, Obesity Surgery or Bariatric Surgery, Diabetes Surgery, Endoscopic Thyroid Surgery, Thoracoscopy, Intragastric Balloon)
Keyhole Clinic, Thammanam Road, Plarivattom, Kochi, Kerala, India
VPS Lakeshore Hospital, Maradu, Kochi, Kerala, India
VSM Hospital, Mavelikkara, Kerala, Kochi, India
Chairman - Association of Surgeons of India, Kerala Chapter

Address

Keyhole Clinic - Center for Obesity and Laparoscopy

Palarivattom, Kochi, Kerala

VPS Lakeshore Hospital

Maradu, Kochi, Kerala


Mobile: +919447230370, +919846320370
Email: [email protected]

Website:
www.drrpadmakumar.com

Chairman, Association of Surgeons of India - Kerala Chapter
National President - Indian Hernia Society (2016)
GC Member, Association of Surgeons of India (2013 - 2018)
Vice President- Society of Endoscopic and Laparoscopic Surgeons of India
Jt. Secretary - Indian Association of Endocrine Surgeons (2016)
Founder Member, Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society Of India
Founder Member, Association of Minimal Access Surgeons of India
International Faculty of IASGO on Hernia and Diabetic Surgery
International Faculty of IFSO on Diabetic Surgery
Associate Editor : Diabetes and Obesity International Journal