A ventral hernia can occur in any location of the abdominal wall as a bulge of tissues of abdominal tissues through a weak opening in the abdominal wall muscles. When the intestinal tissue gets tightly caught as a bulge in the abdominal wall, then the condition is termed as strangulated ventral hernia. In this case the intestinal tissue cannot be pushed back and cuts the blood flow to the area requiring emergency surgery.
Causes of Ventral Hernia
There are several factors that lead to the formation of ventral hernia and include:
- Record of previous hernias
- Previous abdominal surgery
- Injuries to the bowel area
- Frequently lifting and pushing of heavy objects
- Week scar tissues from previous abdominal surgery
Symptoms may last for weeks or months and includes:
- pain and discomfort in the abdominal area during prolonged walking, standing or lifting heavy objects
- outward bulging of skin or tissues in the abdominal area
- Swelling in the bulged area
Diagnosing Ventral Hernia
The doctor performs a physical exam and asks about the symptoms. The doctor suggests various imaging test including ultrasound scan, CT scan or a MRI scan.
The surgery is initiated by administering a dose of anesthesia to relax the patient and to reduce the pain and discomfort caused by the condition. The surgeon makes a small incision in the abdominal wall and inserts a laparoscope to view the internal abdominal cavity and associated organs. A laparoscope is a thin long tube that has a camera attached to its end and enables the surgeon to view enlarged images of the cavity and the organs with a monitor attached. After investigation, the surgeon makes few more incisions to insert hernia repair tools and the bulged tissues are pushed back and placed in position. Later a mesh is placed in the weak spot of the abdominal wall to prevent the possibility of reoccurrence of hernia. Later the incisions are closed and sutured.
After the surgery, meditations are administrated to reduce pain and discomfort from the surgery. The patient can leave the hospital in a day or two and are instructed not to do any heavy tasks like weight lifting. Diet rich in fiber content and adequate fluid intakes is instructed. The laparoscopic surgery has several advantages with a faster recovery time and minimal scars.
Advantages of laparoscopic hernia removal include:
- Few small incisions
- Lowers chance of infection
- Less postoperative pain
- Reduced hospital stay
- Minimal scars
- Faster recovery time
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About Dr. R. Padmakumar
Dr. R. Padmakumar is one of the Best Hernia Surgeon in India. He has been changing lives through Keyhole Surgery. He has got more than 30 years of hands-on experience in laparoscopic Surgery in major hospitals across India and has completed more than 7000 cases of Laparoscopic Hernia Surgeries. Dr. Padmakumar has trained more than 300 surgeons from all over the world the art of laparoscopic surgery especially Laparoscopic Hernia Surgery. Dr. Padmakumar is also hailed as one of the Best Bariatric Surgeon in India & UAE. He is renowned for new and improved treatment techniques and the first in the World to perform Scarless Bariatric Surgery with Tummy Tuck / Abdominoplasty. He is also one of the very few thyroid surgeons in India doing Endoscopic Thyroidectomy (scarless thyroid surgery).
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