Adhesiolysis is a procedure performed to break up and remove adhesions. It is a minimally-invasive procedure. This procedure is also called Lysis of Adhesions.
Adhesions are thick or thin bands of scar tissue between adjoining organs and structures. Adhesions are developed as part of the healing process from a previous surgical incision in the abdominal wall, or from a disease or an infection. Adhesions mostly occur in the abdominal area and involve various organs in the area affecting the function of the organ. The adhesion causes fluid accumulation leading to infection and inflammation.
Adhesions occur in the abdominal area and may involve pelvic organs, intestine tissues and ovaries. The symptoms vary depending on the organs and tissues that are involved. If the intestinal tissues are involved in adhesions the symptoms include severe cramping pain and limit the gut movement. Partial or complete bowel obstruction is caused when a segment of the bowel is tapered by an adhesion. This causes severe pain, nausea and vomiting.
In more severe cases of adhesions, the entire abdominal cavity along with the reproductive organs and intestines are distorted with adhesions. Large and thick bands of adhesions lead to a frozen state of the abdominal area and will necessitate complex surgical procedures.
Adhesiolysis is a treatment procedure performed to break up and remove the scar tissue. The treatment is minimally-invasive and helps to treat adhesions that cause chronic pain and inflammation. Antibiotics and medications are prescribed to reduce the chances of infection and to control the pain and discomfort caused by the procedure.
Adhesiolysis procedure comes with some risks such as infection, headache, dural puncture, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision site. The doctor provides special instructions and medications that have to be followed without fail to reduce the risk of complication.